Ecología, fascismo y subjetividad

In the September-October issue of La Maleta de Portbou, my essay “¿Qué hacer con las pulsiones de muerte? Ecología, fascismo y subjetividad” beginning this way:

“Cuando Freud planteó la hipótesis de la existencia de pulsiones de muerte hace ahora un siglo, las reacciones de rechazo fueron virulentas, como si el cuerpo intelectual y social se hubiera rebelado contra alguna forma de atentado hacia la imagen que se había hecho de sí mismo (Más allá del principio del placer). Considerar que la muerte podía provenir del interior de la subjetividad, y que a veces podía ser deseada incluso sin el conocimiento del sujeto, ¿no era esto, en efecto, despojar a la humanidad de una de sus creencias fundamentales, a saber, su firme creencia en su amor por la vida? ¿No es la vida lo que buscamos proteger, prolongar, hasta el punto de que soñamos con ser inmortales, escapar de todos los virus, incluido ese virus originario y sin vacuna que es la muerte?”

Abstract in English:

“In this article I argue that we are undergoing an unprecedented unleashing of death drives on three levels simultaneously: 1) There is the release of death drives at the level of global ecology (climate change, the general ecocide; 2) There are the death drives at work on the political level, which must be understood as fascist function; 3) And finally the death drives that, through communication technologies and social networks give rise to what I call armored subjectivity, that is to say subjects whose mental life has been immunized against the encounter with otherness. Hence the questions that my article strives to answer: are we living through the coronation of the death drives? If so, how might we divert them from their destructiveness? How might we oppose the power of ecological, political and psychic death? To oppose to the subjectivities that armor themselves, the fascism that organizes these subjects, and to the geo-power that feeds them with energy, I propose adventurous forms of existence for which life cannot be reduced to a program of conservation.”

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